Every discipline has its own specific perspective. The very difference of
varying perspectives draws a line primarily between scientific and nonscientific
knowledge. Then, amongst sciences it differentiates the rational from
the empirical sciences. Apart from the natural sciences social sciences also
utilize both rational and empirical approaches to science. Even, with in both
of these perspectives there are also some other perspectives of social sciences.
The present paper attempts to explore these perspectives as per the varying
approaches of the respective writers contributing to the domain of the politics
of Pakistan. A number of scholars have explored the politics of Pakistan. A
brief review of them shows that they have studied the phenomenon of politics
in Pakistan as per their respective approaches. The varying perspectives of
these researchers can broadly be categorised into four main approaches i.e.
'Elitist Approach', 'Marxian Approach', 'Ideological Approach', and
'Praetorian Approach'. Every researcher of social science should necessarily
understand the difference of these perspectives before initiating his
investigation in to the politics of Pakistan. This paper aims to engulf the
writings of all the potential writers in this field.
1-Sajid Mahmood Awan Senior Research Fellow at the National Institute of Historical and Cultural Research (NIHCR), Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan2-Sana Hussan Senior Research Fellow, Humanity Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan