Kandahar is one of the most significant and important region of Afghanistan.
It had been ruled by the great dynasties like Greece, Muryans, Kushans,
Hindu Shahis, Mongols and the Mughals etc. Because of its significant
location, Kandahar remained the bone of contention between different
Empires and dynasties. When the Mughal occupied India, it became necessary
for them to make a strong hold on Kandahar because of its strategic location
that connects Persia with India. Kandahar was a gateway to India from Persia
and for the safety of India and Kabul the Mughals were struggling to have
strong control over the area. It connects South Asian subcontinent with
Central Asia, Middle East and the Persian Gulf. On the other side Persia
considered Kandahar as her integral part particularly from the reign of Shah
Tahmasp and always remained busy in taking its control from the Mughals. It
was necessary for them to take control of Kandahar for accomplishing the
Safavid expansion policy. Thus, Kandahar remained a sandwich between two
1-Zahid Anwar Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.2-Sumaira Ph. D Scholar, Area Study Centre, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.3-Sadia Riaz MPhil Scholar, Political Science, IIU, Islamabad, Pakistan.