Pashtun tribal system is a very unique phenomenon of the entire Pashtuns.
Being a complete code of life for most of them. This code guides them in all
walks of life. In terms of its genealogy, it is very close to Islam and is
considered as code of life for them. The tribal structure of Pashtuns has
changed a lot during the last 36 years in which the dominating role of Maliks
and tribal elders have been excessively reduced giving place to that of mullah.
Soviet intervention in Afghanistan followed by the U.S. intervention was a
turning point in changing the entire tribal structure of Pashtuns. The tribal
Areas were converted into areas meant for the acts of barbarism, terrorism
and extremism and provided sanctuaries to the insurgents.
1-Muhammad Tariq PhD Political Science, Department of District Education, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Shoaib Malik Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages,
Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Manzoor Khan Afridi Assistant Professor & HoD, Department of Politics & IR, International Islamic University,