The present study is concerned with the phenomenon of topicalization in Pashto. It analyzed the
information status of the referents in a sentence and their grammatical functions. The study is
another contribution after the work of Roberts (2000) and Rahman (2014). The study was descriptive in nature
and it found out the relationship between subject and topic in a sentence. The grammatical function of the subject
and the topic were found out coincidentally occurring with the topic of the sentence. Both the subject and topic
were found out commonly appearing at the initial position of the sentence. If the topic was any other constituent
than the subject, then topicalization happened. The topicalized element is moved to the second or initial position
of the sentence. Word order is determined by the information status of the referents where the topic comes first
followed by the focused constituents, if not overruled by intonational prominence.
Assistant Professor, Department of English, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Lecturer, Department of English, Govt college, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Arshad Ali Khan
Assistant Professor, Department of Linguistics, UMT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Grammatical Function, Information Status, Pashto, Topicalization.