Deliberate Self Harm (DSH) is a pervasive issue in Pakistan. The
limited research on this phenomenon conducted in Pakistan is
restricted by the non-availability of an empirical assessment measure of self-harm in the
Urdu language, hence relies mostly on the interviews of cases reported to the emergency
departments and those translated does not necessarily
carry the same connotation. An indigenous deliberate
self-harm scale was developed to cater to this issue.
Factors of DSH were identified using Nock’s integrated
theoretical model and literature review. Sixty-five items
were generated. Content Validity Index (CVI) was
calculated. The scale was administered on a sample of
200 self-harm cases.EFA revealed a three-factor
structure (i.e intrapersonal, interpersonal and
situational) supported by Parallel Analysis. RASCH
analysis supported the item fit. This scale can be a
helpful tool for the researchers and clinicians to explore
DSH in the native population.
1-Afifa Gull PhD. ScholarInstitute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan..2-Najma Najam Professor Emeritus,Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
DSH, Para Suicide, Pakistan, Indigenous Scale of Self-Harm, Principal Component Analysis, RASCH analysis, Parallel Analysis