The armed forces had a predominant role in the Turkish
polity until 2002. During 1960 and 2002, the military had
staged direct coups, i.e. 1960, 1971, 1980 and 1997 and maintained an
indirect role in internal and external politics through various institutions such
as National Security Council (NSC), National Unity Command (NUC), Military
courts, Military corporations (OYAK), and Military Pension Fund (MPF).
However, the rise of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) has replaced
the hitherto predominance of the army in Turkish polity. This research paper
highlights that AKP has been successful in disengaging the military from
politics with mass support, continuous successes in elections, and managing
internal and external threats. Further, the manuscript explored the quest of
Turkey to become a member of the European Union, great powers support
to Tayyab Erdogan on ensuring human rights, and the principle of
republicanism have contributed to the AKP project of civilian supremacy
over the armed forces.
1-Usman Khan Lecturer in Political Science, University of Malakand, Chakdara, KP, Pakistan.2-Bakhtiar Khan Assistant Professor, Political Science, University of Buner, KP, Pakistan.3-Jamal Shah Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Government Post Graduate College Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Civil-Military Relations, Coup D'etat, Transformation, Democratic Control