The Reluctant Fundamentalist (2007) traces the evolution of Changezs sense of belonging by
encompassing a substantial part of his life odyssey, ranging from his movement to the US for
higher studies to his disillusionment and redirection of fundamental desires. This study explores those
transformative stages that help shape his identity. For this purpose, James Marcias theory of identity achievement
has been used as a theoretical framework. Marcia (1980) contends that certain situations and events (called crises)
act as catalysts to prompt identity moratorium. The internal conflict caused by such catalysts stimulates adolescents
to probe into their beliefs, goals and values. Changez also encounters the four statuses described by Marcia i.e.,
identity diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium and final achievement. Consequently, a refraction in his sense of
belonging takes place - from love for American exceptionalism to love for Pakistan and Islam (Morey, 2011). This
study evaluates the level of identity achievement in Changez as a result of this refraction
PhD Scholar, Department of English & Literary Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab,
Assistant Professor, Department of English and Literary Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Identity Achievement, Identity Moratorium, Islam, Pakistan, Sense of Belonging, Fundamental.