The Military s involvement in the political system of Pakistan began from the mid-1950s and
continued verily as a guardian, a praetorian, or ruler on various occasions. Its disengagement, after
the direct intervention, remained usually slow and gradual. Hence, it took a long time for disengagement and
created a power-sharing model instead of transferring power to the civilian elite. The pattern of civilianization
adopted by the Ayub Khan and Zia-ul-Haq was also adopted by the Musharraf regime with few changes. In his
early days, though, General Pervaiz Musharraf demonstrated intention for economic revival, accountability,
devolution of power, and democratic consolidation as his foremost goals and took some steps towards that
direction but he abruptly reversed those steps when he sensed a threat to his dominating position in a self-created
system. This paper is an attempt to critically analyze the process of civilianization during the period under
consideration based on the theoretical framework and practical norms of the democratic system.
1-Sughra Alam M. Phil Scholar, Department of Politics and IR, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Nawaz Bhatti Associate Professor, Department of Politics and IR,University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Asia Saif Alvi Assistant Professor,Department of Politics and IR,University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.
Civilianization, Constitutional Institutions, Emergency, Martial Law, Military Regime.