Globalization is the instrument of disintegration and weakening of
nations through a vast network of transnational companies and
their monopoly on global markets that destabilize a nations economy by
enhancing the interdependence of the countries and weakening the nation-states
grip over its geographical borders. Rahman in his novel In the Light of What We
Know (2014) shows Afghanistan as a victim of tripartite – economic, cultural,
political – globalization. Using Spencer & Wollmans (2002), Appadurais (2005)
and Giddens (1990) critique and analyses of globalization, this study explores
how Afghanistan has been gripped by the forces
of globalization. Raemdoncks (2013)
conceptualization of three dimensional global
games of chess – great game, little game, and
domestic game – being played by America,
Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia, ISI and NGOs in
Afghanistan chalks out the American designs of
getting access to the oil and gas reservoirs in
Afghanistan and Central Asian states.
Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities & Linguistics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Associate Professor, Department of English, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Professor, Department of English, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.