Soon after 9/11, the advent of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in FATA
remained focus of discussion among different scholars and stakeholders at
different forums. CSOs are considered the messengers of peace and education.
These organizations are getting funds from various sources, UN at their top,
and invest in the targeted area(s) for the purpose of enhancing the education
of a locality. The debate bifurcates CSOs between real objectives persuading
and fabricated objectives persuading. Not only those CSOs who are purely
working for education but all CSOs are part of this struggle directly or
indirectly. This research is focusing on the programs of the CSOs running in
FATA and their direct or indirect impact on the education system of the
region. The Methodology used for this research is qualitative, comprising
direct in-depth interviews and FGDs with students, local population and other
1-M Ikram Khan Bajauri PhD scholar at Center for International Peace and Stability (CIPS), NUST, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Sadia Riaz MPhil Scholar, Political Science, IIU, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Sabeeha Rasheed Lecturer, Government Girls Post Graduate College, Hari Pur, Pakistan.