The paper reflects on Pakistan's complex security situation and the causes of
current challenges that Pakistan is facing due to vacillating foreign policies. It
also reviews the role of factors that contributed towards the instability of the
country. After Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Pakistan involved in a proxy
war and trained Mujahideen to liberate Afghanistan. In 1980's sectarianism
floored the state, and since it has rooted in Pakistani society. The country
brokered several Post-Soviet peace agreements between different militaristic
groups in Afghanistan but in vain. Finally, it recognized Taliban for the cause
of peace (though temporary) on its Western border. After 9/11 the country had
to reluctantly take a "U" turn on its Afghan policy under immense US
pressure. This swing of policy opened a Pandora-box for the country i.e.
terrorism, Jihadist, ethnicity, sectarianism, economic and political instability
in Pakistan. In this state of affairs corruption, deteriorating law and order
situation, political instability and economic fragility, variables of internal
security, act as key factors in a peaceful solution of conflicts.
1-Sohail Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, COMSATS, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Mahwish Bakht Research Scholar, MSIR, COMSATS, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Sumbal Hussan Junior Research Fellow at HRC, Islamabad, Pakistan.